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Facts about Canada and its immigration:


Canada is often referred to as a land of immigrants because millions of newcomers have settled here and helped to build and defend our way of life, starting with settlers from France and England.


  • Most French speaking Quebecers are descendants of 8500 French settlers who arrived in 1600s and 1700s.

  • Today, most immigrants come from China, Philippines and India.

  • Since the fertility rate in Canada is only 1.68 children per female, the majority of Canada’s population growth is due to immigration.

  • Canada’s population: 35.1 million (2013)

  • Number of households: 13.3 million (census 2011)

  • The life expectancy here in Canada according to recent studies show men live to the average of 77 years where as the women have a longer life expectancy and live to be around 84 years.

  • The Trans-Canada Highway is over 7604 kilometres in length and is the longest national highway in the entire world. 

  • According to the United Nations Human Development Index, Canada has got the highest quality of life in the world making it an ideal place to live and raise a family. 

  • The Dominion of Canada came into being on July 1, 1867. Dominion indicated Canada was a self-governing colony of the British Empire. On the day Canada came into being, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec became its first provinces. Dates of Canadian Province and Territory Formation

    • 1867 - Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick

    • 1870 - Manitoba, Northwest Territories (N.W.T.)

    • 1871 - British Columbia

    • 1873 - Prince Edward Island

    • 1880 - Transfer of the Arctic Islands (to N.W.T.)

    • 1898 - Yukon Territory

    • 1905 - Alberta, Saskatchewan

    • 1949 - Newfoundland and Labrador

    • 1999 – Nunavut


The three major types of industries in the country are manufacturing, services, and natural resources. 


The largest manufacturing sector in the country is the automotive industry.  Leading equipment manufacturers and global automakers operate in Canada, among which General Motors, Toyota, and Ford. Leading bus and track manufacturers have also located in Canada, including Volvo Bus, Motor Coach Industries, and Hino.


The country’s expertise in the machinery and equipment sector spans a number of different sub-sectors such as agricultural machinery, metalworking machinery, natural gas and oil drilling equipment, mining equipment, and others. Many global leaders operate in Canada, including Hitachi Ltd., Tesco, Alstom, etc.


The biopharmaceutical industry is also a global player. Among them are Abbott Point-of-Care, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, Novartis, and others. The medical devices industry in Canada is also among the largest in the world. 


The chemicals industry is another top industry, concentrated mainly in Alberta and Quebec. Many of the leading chemical companies have production facilities in the country, including Shell Chemicals, Dow Chemical, Sabic, INEOS, and others. 


Food processing is another industry that attracts savvy investors. Leading global investors in the food processing industry include Louis Dreyfus Mitsui Foods, Archer Daniels Midland Co., Meiji Seika Kaisha, and others.

Finally, Canada is a leader in retail and institutional banking and advisory and financial management services. The country’s stable financial markets and regulated, safe environment attract global investors. Four of the 10 largest banks in North America and six of the world’s 50 safest financial institutions are Canadian.

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